An Open Letter to President Barack Obama — ECADF Ethiopian News

U.S. foreign policy towards the Ethiopian government must change. The reality in Ethiopia cannot be sustained and angry citizens are rising up against the government.

via An Open Letter to President Barack Obama — ECADF Ethiopian News

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የጎአንደር አማራ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ከዶ/ር ከፍያለው አባተ

በቅርቡ የጎንደር አማራ ሕዝብ በጎንደር ከተማ ያካሄደው ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ (በኔ እይታ) የአማራን ታላቅነት፣ የማያወላውል የኢትዮጵያዊነት ስሜት የሚያረጋግጥ እና በራሱ በአማራ ሕልውና ላይ የተነሳውን (የመኖርና ያለመኖር) ጥያቄ የመለሰ ይመስለኛል።

የኢትዮጵያን መንግሥት በበላይነት የሚቆጣጠረው ታሕት፣ 1) ትግራይን ከኢትዮጵያ ገንጥሎ ራሱን የቻለ የትግራይ መንግሥት ለማቋቋም ሲታገል/ሲዋጋ የነበረ በመሆኑ፣ 2) ኤርትራን፣ ኦሮሚያንና ኦጋዴንን እንገነጥላለን ብለው ከተነሱ ገንጣይ ኃይሎች ጋር አብሮ የመጣ በመሆኑ፣ 3) አንድን ሕዝብ (አማራን) ከባሕልና ከልማዱ ጋር አጠፋለሁ ብሎ በተደጋጋሚ በግልጽ በማወጁና ሥልጣን ከጨበጠም በኋላ በተለያየ ምክንያት (በጡረታ፣ በቅነሳ) በማሳበብ አማራውን ከሥራ በማፈናቀሉ፣ 4) እንደ ማንኛውም ኢትዮጵያዊ የደርግን ሥርዐት ጠልቶ ያፈገፈገለትን የኢትዮጵያ ሠራዊት በመበተኑ፣ 5) የኢትዮጵያን ባንዲራ “ጨርቅ ነው” በማለቱና “የአክሱም ሀውልቶች ለከምባታው ምኑ ነው?” በማለቱ፣ 6) በተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያ ክፍሎች ይገኙ የነበሩትን ፋብሪካዎች፣ የመብራት ጀኔሬተሮች፣ የትምህርት ቤቶችን ወንበሮችና ጠጴዛዎች፣ የጣራ ቆርቆሮ ክዳኖች እየነቀለ ወደ ትግራይ በማጓዙ፣ 7) የመንግሥት ሥልጣን እንደጨበጠ ኤርትራን በማስገንጠሉና ኢትዮጵያን ያለ ባሕር በር በማስቀረቱ፣ 8) በዘርና በቋንቋ ላይ የተመሠረቱ (በልዩነት ላይ ያተኮሩ)፣ ኢትዮጵያዊያንን የሚያራርቁና የሚያለያዩ ፌዴራላዊ ያስተዳደር ክልሎች በመፍጠሩ፣ ከዚያም ጋር አያይዞ በዘርና በቋንቋ ላይ የተመረኮዙ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች እንዲፈለፈሉ በማድረጉ፣ 9) “በጦርነት ለተጐዱ አካባቢዎች ቅድሚያ እንሰጣለን” በሚል ሽፋን ለትግራይ ልማትና ማሕበራዊ አገልግሎቶች የተለየ ትኩረት በመስጠቱ፣ 10) የመንግሥት ቢሮዎችን፣ የሠራዊት አዛዦችን፣ የስለላ ሰራተኞችንና ጸጥታ አስከባሪዎችን ከትግሬዎች መካከል እየመለመለ በመመደቡ፣ 11) በንግዱና በተለያዩ የኢኮኖሚው ዘርፎች ባመዛኙ ትግሬዎች ተጠቃሚዎች እንዲሆኑ በማድረጉና በመሳሰሉት አድላዊ አሠራሩ የተነሳ ኢትዮጵያዊነቱ ጥያቄ ውስጥ የገባ፣ “የኢትዮጵያን መሬት ቆርሶ ለሱዳን ሰጥቷል” ተብሎ እስከ መወገዝ የደረሰ በትግሬ ሕዝብ ስም የሚነግድ ፓርቲ ነው።

ታዲያ ይህ የኢትዮጵያን መንግሥት በበላይነት የተቆጣጠረ ፓርቲ ኢትዮጵያዊነቱን ጥያቄ ላይ በጣለበት ወቅት፣ “ቅስሙን እሰብረዋለሁ”፣ “አንገቱን አስደፋዋለሁ” በማለት የዘመተበት የአማራ ሕዝብ ሰሞኑን ጎንደር ላይ ባካሄደው ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ (ባነገባቸው መፈክሮች አማካይነት) ታላቅነቱንና ትክክለኛ ኢትዮጵያዊነቱን በግልጽ አሳየ። ቅስሙ እማይሰበር፣ አንገቱ የማይደፋ ጥኑ/ብርቱ ሕዝብ መሆኑን አረጋገጠ።

የጎንደር አማራ ሕዝብ የኦሮሞው ሕዝብ በደል በደሉ መሆኑን በመግለጽ የኢትዮጵያዊነት ስሜቱን በግልጽ አስመሰከረ። አማራን፣ ባህልና ልማዱንም ጭምር በማርከስ/በማጣጣል፣ የአማራው ሕዝብ የድሮው ስርዓቶች ልዩ ተጠቃሚ እንደነበረ በማስመሰል፣ በኦሮሞው ሕዝብ ውስጥ የጥላቻ መርዝ ሲነዙ የቆዩትን (የአንዳንድ ኦሮሞ) ፖለቲከኞች እኩይ ተግባር በመናቅ፣ የኦሮሞው ሕዝብ በደል በደላችን ነው፣ ሞቱ ሞታችን ነው፣ ስቃዩ ስቃያችን ነው በማለት፣ የጎንደር አማራ ሕዝብ ለሌሎች ኢትዮጵያዊያን ወገኖቹ ያለውን ፍቅርና ተቆርቋሪነት በመግለጽ (ትምክህተኝነቱን ሳይሆን) ታላቅነቱን አስመሰከረ። ይህን የመሰለው ፍቅርና መተሳሰብ ነው የሀገራችን ብሔረሰቦች አንድነት የሚያጠነክረው።

የጎንደር አማራ “ቅማንትና አማራ አንድ ነን” ብሎ በመጮኽ አብሮ መኖርንና አንድነትን የሚወድ፣ ከጠባብነትና ከጐጠኝነት የነፃ ሕዝብ መሆኑን አሳየ።

የጐንደር አማራ ከየትኛውም ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜጋ ይልቅ ከትግሬው ሕዝብ ጋር  (ተጋብቶ፣ ተዋልዶ፣ ተዛምዶ) ለረዥም ጊዜ ተከባብሮ ኑሯል። በኩታ ገጠምነቱም በመልካም ጉርብትና ለዘመናት አብሮ የኖረ ነው። ለወልቃይትና ጠገዴ አማራ ሕዝብም ትግሬዎች አዲስ/እንግዶች አይደሉም። አዲስና እንግዳ ያስመሰላቸው የዚህ መንግሥት ቀንደኛ መሪዎች ኢትዮጵያዊነት አጠያያቂ መሆኑ ነው ብቻ ነው።

ሥልጣን ጨምድደው የያዙት ቀንደኛ የሀገራችን መሪዎች ኢትዮጵያዊያንን ሁሉ ባንድ ዓይን የማያዩ አድላዊ ወገንተኞች ናቸው። የነዚህ ቀንደኛ መሪዎች ኢትዮጵያዊነት (ስሜት) አጠያያቂ መሆኑ እስከሚወገድ ድረስ የወልቃይትና ጠገዴ የማንነት ጥያቄ ሊወገድም ሊቀዘቅዝም አይችልም። እንዲያውም ይኸው አሁን እንደምናየው እየተጋጋለና እየተስፋፋ ይሄዳል። እነዚህ ሥልጣን የጨበጡ ቡድኖች ለወልቃይትና-ጠገዴ ጥያቄ ባስቸኳይ መልስ ካልሰጡ፣ የጎንደር አማራ እንኳን እትብቱ ለተቀበረበት ለወልቃይት-ጠገዴ ቀርቶ ለባድመ ሙቷል። እስካሁንም ሙቷል፣ ወደፊትም እየሞተ ትግሉን ይቀጥላል።

 

የጐንደር አማራና ትግሬ በጋብቻም በጉርብትናም በኢኮኖሚም በጣም የተቆራኘ ስለሆነ እርስ በርሱ ሲደጋገፍ ኑሯል። ወደፊትም ሊደጋገፍና ሊተዛዘን ይገባል። እኛ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ድሆች ብንሆንም ኩርማን እንጀራ ተካፍለን፣ ቡና ተጠራርተን በፍቅር ስንኖር ያምርብናል። ይህንን ተከባብሮና ተሳስቦ መኖር ደግሞ ከማንም የበለጠ ትግሬውና የጎንደሩ አማራ ሕዝብ ያውቅበታል። እንደገና ልድገመውና የወልቃይትንና የጠገዴን ጥያቄ ያስነሳው በመሬቱ ትግሬዎች ተጠቃሚ መሆናቸው አለመሆኑን ሰፋሪዎቹ ትግሬዎች ራሳቸው ያውቁታል። ጥያቄው (አማራ፣ ትግሬ፣ ማንትሴ … ብላችሁ ከከፋፈላችሁን በኋላ) ያማራውን ክልል መሬት (ሌላ ኅቡእ እቅድ ወደ አቀዳችሁለት) ወደ ትግራይ ክልል አሳልፈን አንሰጥም ነው። ስለዚህ ጥያቄው ጐጠኛ በሆነው በታሕት ላይ እምነት የማጣት ጥያቄ እንጂ በወልቃይትና ጠገዴ ውስጥ ሰፍረው ተጠቃሚ የሆኑትን ትግሬዎች በመመቅኘት የተነሳ ጥያቄ አይደለም።

አልፎ አልፎ ባንዳንድ ጽሐፊዎች እንደሚገለጸው አብዛኛው የትግራይ ሕዝብ የዚህ ጐጠኛ ፓርቲ ሰለባ እንጂ ተጠቃሚ አይደለም። ይህ እውነት ከሆነ የትግራይ ሕዝብ እንዳማራው፣ እንደ ኦሮሞው፣ እንደ ጎፋው፣ እንደ ጋምቤላውና እንደ ሌላው ኢትዮጵያዊ ሁሉ የደረሰበትን በደል እየዘረዘረ በይፋ በማውጣት ተቃውሞውን ሲያሰማ መታየት አለበት።

የትግራይ ሕዝብ የዚህ መንግሥት ተጠቃሚ ከሆነ ደግሞ ከሌላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ተለይቶ የሚያገኘው ጥቅም ዘለቄታ ሊኖረው አይችልም። በትምህርቱ መስክ ለትግሬዎች ብቻ የሚሰጥ አድልዎ ካለ ወደፊት (ሥራም ሆነ ሹመት የሚሰጠው በችሎታ ቢሆን) የተሻለ ምሁር ሁኖ የሚወጣውና ለሥራና ለሥልጣን ዝግጁ የሚሆነው ትግሬው ብቻ ሊሆን ይችላል። ይህ ግን ለምን ያህል ጊዜ ያዋጣል? የትምህርት መስኩ ያለ አድልዎ በእኩልነት ለሀገሪቱ ዜጐች ሁሉ ካልተዳረሰ/ካልተሰራጨ፣ “ሥራና ሥልጣን በችሎታ ይሁን” ቢባል ተቀባይነት እንደማይኖረው መታወቅ አለበት።

ኢንዱስትሪዎች መንገዶች ትግራይ ውስጥ ቢስፋፉ፣ ጥሬ እቃው የሚገኝባቸው ሌሎቹ የሀገሪቱ ክፍሎች በሰለጠነ የሰው ኃይል፣ በመገናኛ በመንገድና በትራንስፖርት አብረው ካልለሙና ካልዳበሩ፣ ትግራይ ብቻዋን ልታድግና ልትበለጽግ አትችልም። ትግሬዎችም ብቻቸውን ባለጸጋ ሁነው በሀገራቸው (በትግራይ) ውስጥ በደስታ ሊኖሩ አይችሉም። ከሌላው ኢትዮጵያዊ መንጋጋ ተወስዶ የሚገኘውን ጥቅም ደግሞ የትግራይ ሰፊ ሕዝብ በንጹሕ ሕሊና ይቀበለዋል የሚል እምነት የለኝም። ያላግባብ (እኩይ በሆነ ተግባር) በብቸኝነት መበልጸግ የሚያስከትለው ጦስ ምን እንደሚመስል ሰሞኑን ጎንደር ላይ የተቃጠለው አውቶቡስ ጠቋሚ ሊሆን የሚችል ይመስለኛል።

ይህን የመሰለውን (ከስግብግብነትና ከዝርፊያ የሚመነጭ) ብልጽግና የትግራይ ሕዝብ የሚፈልገውና የሚመኘው አይመስለኝም። ሌላው ቢቀር ኢትዮጵያዊው ሁሉ ኢፍትሕአዊ በሆነ መንገድ ብቻዋን ወደ አደገቺው ‘ወደ ለሚቱና ወደ ባለጸጋይቱ’ ትግራይ እየተሰደደ እንደሚያጨናንቃት መገንዘብ ያሻል። ከዚህ ደረጃ ግን የሚደረስ አይመስለኝም። ምክንያቱም (የወደፊቷ ኢትዮጵያ እጣ-ፈንታ ምን እንደሚመስል ባላውቅም) የሕዝቡ ትዕግሥት ተሟጦ ያለቀበትና የለውጥ ጭላንጭል የሚታይበት ወቅት ላይ ያለን ይመስለኛል።

በውጭ ሀገር ተደራጅታችሁ የምትገኙ ትግሬ ኢትዮጵያዊያንም ሰሞኑን ጎንደር ላይ በተከሰተው የሰው ሕይዎት መጥፋትና የአውቶቡስ መቃጠል ሳቢያ በስሜት ተነሳስታችሁ፣ በሀገር ውስጥም ሆነ በሀገር ውጪ የሚገኘው ኢትዮጵያዊ ሁሉ (በእስራኤል የሚገኘው ቤተ እስራኤል ሳይቀር) የደገፈውንና ያደነቀውን የጎንደሩን አማራ (ሕዝብ) እንቅስቃሴ በመቃወም የትግራይ ሕዝብ በተቃራኒው እርምጃ እንዲወስድ ብትቀሰቅሱ፣ የትግራይን ሕዝብ ብቸኛ ታደርጉታላችሁ። ሳይገነጠል ትገነጥሉታላችሁ። “ያላዋቂ ሳሚ ንፍጥ ይለቀልቃል” እንዲሉ፣ ይህ አላዋቂ አገዛዝ ለትግራይና ለትግሬዎች በማድላት ትግሬዎችን በሌሎች ኢትዮጵያውያን ጥርስ ውስጥ ያስገባቸው አንሶ፣ እናንተ ደግሞ አጋር ሁናችሁ የኢትዮጵያዊያን ክፉ ዓይን በትግሬ ዎገኖቻችን ላይ እንዲያተኩር እንዳታደርጉ አስተያየቴን በትህትና ማቅረብ እወዳለሁ። ቀደም ብየ እንደ ገለጽኩት እሚያምርብን (በድህነትም ቢሆን) ያለቺንን እኩል ተካፍለን፣ አንተ ትብስ፣ አንተ ትብስ ተባብለን በሕብረት ስንኖር ነው።

የጎንደሩ አማራ (ሕዝብ) ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ሌላ ነገርም አስይቶናል። አማራ የሚባል “ነገር” መኖሩን።

በገዛ ሀገሩ (የመንግሥት) መሪዎች አንደበት “አማራን ከነባህሉና ልማዱ እናጠፋዋለን፣ አንገቱን እናስደፋዋለን፣ ቅስሙን እንሰብረዋለን” ተብሎ በይፋ በተዛተበትና፣ ጥላቻው በሰፊው ተሰራጭቶ አማራው በያለበት በተስኪያን እንደገባች ውሻ በያቅጣጫው በሚዋከብበት ቀውጢ ጊዜ፣ ሀገሪቱን በዘርና በቋንቋ ከፋፍለው፣ ዘርና ጐሳን ሽፋን አድርገው በመንግሥት ከፍተኛ ስልጣን ላይ የተቀመጡት ባለጊዜዎች፣ ይህንን “ትዕቢተኛና ትምክህተኛ ሕዝብ ድምጹንና አንደበቱን እንዘጋዋለን ብለው፣ ያለ የሌለ ዘመቻ በሚያካሂዱበት ወቅት፣ “የአማራ ሕዝብ የሚባል ‘ነገር’ መኖሩን” አማራው ሰሞኑን ጎንደር ላይ ባደረገው ሰላማዊ (በወልቃይትና ጠገዴ የማንነት ጥያቄ ላይ) የተቃውሞ ሰልፍ አረጋገጠ።

በዓለም አቀፍም ሆነ በሀገር ደረጃ ትልቅ ተደማጭነት ያላቸው፣ አንጋፋው ምሁር (ፕሮፌሰር መስፍን ወልደማርያም) “አማራ እሚባል ነገር የለም” ያሉት ሕዝብ መኖሩን ጎንደር ላይ ሰሞኑን ባካሄደው ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ አስመሰከረ።

የአማራ አለመኖር የኢትዮጵያን አንድነት እሚያስጠብቅና እሚያስከብር ይመስል፣ “ለኔ አማራ የሚባል ነገር አለመኖሩ ይሻለኛል”፣ “አማራን እወክላለሁ ብሎ የሚናገርም ካለ እርሱ እብድ መሆን አለበት”፣ (ቆየት ብለውም በተደጋጋሚ ከተለያዩ ግለሰቦች ለቀረቡላቸው ጥያቄዎች መልስ ሲሰጡ) “አማራ እሚባል ነገር የለም፣ ቢኖር ኖሮ እኮ እስካሁን አንድ ነገር ሲሆን እናይ ነበር፣ ግን አላየንም።” ብለው ነበር። አሁን በአማራው ስም ጎንደር ላይ አንድ ነገር ሲሆን ታየ። ግፍና በደል ቀስቅሶ አማራውን አወጣው።

አማራ ማለት ክርስቲያን ማለት ነው ተብሎም ነበር። ሰሞኑን ጐንደር ላይ “ወልቃይትና ጠገዴ የአማራ ነው፡ ሕዝቡም አማራ ነው” ብለው ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ያደረጉት (የጎንደር) አማሮች ግን ክርስቲያኖች ብቻ ሳይሆኑ እስላሞችም ጭምር ናቸው። የሰላማዊ ሰልፉ ተሳታፊ የሆነው ሕዝብ የትውልድ ሐረግ ቢመዘዝ (በተለያየ የታሪክ አጋጣሚ) ከትግሬው፣ ከቅማንቱ፣ ከአገው፣ ከፈላሻው፣ ከኦሮሞው፣ ከጉራጌው፣ ከሀዲያው፣ ከአፋሩና ከኢሳው፣ ወ.ዘ.ተ. ጋር የተዳቀለና የተዛመደ ሁኖ እንደሚገኝ መገመት አያዳግትም። ግን ኩታ-ገጠም በሆነ አካባቢ እየኖረ፣ አማርኛ ቋንቋ እየተናገረ፣ ተድላና መከራውን ባንድ እየተካፈለ፣ የተፈጥሮንም ሆነ ሰው-ሰራሽ ችግር አብሮ እየተቋቋመ፣ በምግቡም በመጠጡም፣ በስራ መሳሪያውም ጭምር ተመሳሳይ ይትብሃል ይዞ የኖረው (አንድነት ያለው እማይመስለው) አማራ የጋራ ግፍና በደል አጣምሮት፣ “አማራ ነን” ብሎ ብቅ አለ።

እንደሚመስለኝ አንጋፋውን ምሁር “አማራ የሚባል ነገር የለም” ያሰኛቸው፣ ከተለያዩ የጐሳ አባላት ጋር የተዋለደ በመሆኑ፣ እርስ በርሱ ተፈላልጐ እማይሰባሰብና እማይረዳዳ በመሆኑ ሊሆን ይችላል። አሁን ግን በያለበት መገለሉ፣ አድልኦውና ጥቃቱ ሲበዛበት፣ እርስ በርሱ ወደ መፈላለግና ወደ መሰባሰቡ ያዘነበለ ይመስላል። አንድነቱን (cohesive) ቀስ በቀስ ወደማጠናከሩ ያዘመመ ይመስላል። ይህም ማለት ወደ ጠባብ (የጐሳ) አስተሳሰብ አቅጣጫ እንዲያዘነብል የተገደደ ይመስላል ማለት ነው። ይህ ደግሞ ለሀገራችን አንድነት እማይበጅ እሚያሳዝን አቅጣጫ ነው። የሀገራቸው ሥርዐት (ለዘመናት) የረሳቸውና በደል የጸናባቸው ሕብረተሰቦች በራሳቸው ፈቃድ አዲስ የአይሁዳዊነት ማንነት (Jewish identity) እስከ መያዝ የደረሱና ባንድ አካባቢ ተሰባስበው መኖር የጀመሩ በርካታ ጥቁር አፍሪካውያን አሉ። ከብዙዎቹ በጣም ጥቂቶቹን ብቻ ለመጥቀስ ያህል፣

  • The Zakhor and Gombou Jews of Timbuktu, Mali
  • The Sefwi community in Ghana
  • The Igbo of Nigeria
  • The Tutsi Hebrews of Havilah
  • The Abayudaya of Uganda
  • The Lemba of South Africa and Zimbabwe

ኢትዮጵያዊው አማራም ተበታትኖ ከሚኖርባቸው የተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያ ክፍሎች በተለያየ ምክንያት ተበሳጭቶ/ተማ(ር)ሮ እየለቀቀ ወደ ሰሜን ሸዋ፣ ወደ ምእራብ ወሎ፣ ወደ ጎንደርና ወደ ጐጃም እንዲሰፍርና በጊዜ ብዛት ጠባብ የጐሳ ስሜትን እንዲያዳብር የተፈለገ ይመስላል። ይህም የኢትዮጵያዊያንን አንድነት የማዳከም አንደኛው እርምጃ ነው። ይህ እንዳይሆን የኢትዮጵያዊያንን አብሮ መኖር የሚሹ ዜጐች ሁሉ በንቃት ሊከታተሉትና ሊያወግዙት ይገባል።

ለማጠቃለል ያህል፣ ይህ መንግሥት በእብሪት የሕዝብን ድምጽ አፍኖ ለሕዝቡ ብሶትና ሰቆቃ ጆሮ ዳባ ልበስ ብሎ የሚቀጥል ከሆነ፣ የሕዝቡ ተቃውሞና አመጽ እንደ ሰደድ እሳት ባጭር ጊዜ በመላ ሀገሪቱ መቀጣጠሉ እንደማይቀር እሙን ነው። ሥልጣን ያደነዝዛል መሰል እንጂ፣ ይህን የሕዝብ አመጽ ጉዳይ ከኔ ይልቅ ስልጣንን የሙጥኝ ብለው የያዙት የበለጠ ያውቁታል። ማር እንኳን “ሲበዛ ይገለማል” ይባላል።

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ለኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ጥብቅና! – አንዱዓለም ተፈራ – የእስከመቼ አዘጋጅ

ረቡዕ ሐምሌ ፳ ፯ ቀን ፳ ፻ ፰ ዓመተ ምህረት ( 08/03/2016 )

ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱን በግሌ አላውቀውም፤ ነገር ግን እስከሚበቃኝ ድረስ አውቀዋለሁ። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ እኔን አያውቀኝም፤ ነገር ግን እኔና በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ጠበቆቹ እንዳለን ያውቃል። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ጎንደር ውስጥ አንገረብ እስር ቤት ባሁኗ ሰዓት – ምሽት፣ ረቡዕ ሐምሌ ፳ ፯ ቀን ፳ ፻ ፰ ዓመተ ምህረት – ለጊዜው አለ። እዚያ እንዲቆይ ያደረገው ወገኑ ነው። ሁላችንም እንደምናውቀው፤ በእስር ቤት ያለ ግለሰብ፤ በትክክል ይሁን በድፍረት በመታሰሩ ብቻ፤ ጠበቃ ያስፈልገዋል። እናም ጠበቃው ነኝ።

የጠበቃ ሀ፣ ሁ ው፤ ሠርተሃል ከተባለበት ወንጀል በፊት፤ ፍርድ ቤቱን መመዘን ነው። እናም ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ የሚቀርብበትን ፍርድ ቤት እንመርምር። እንደማንኛውም ፍርድ ቤት ቆጥረን ይሄን ፍርድ ቤት ብንመለከተው፤ ሕግ አለ፣ ፖሊስ አለ፣ ዳኛ አለ፣ ከሁሉም በላይ ደግሞ፤ ፍርድ ቤቱን ያቋቋመው መንግሥት አለ። ፍርድ ቤቱን ስንመረምር፤ ያቋቋመውን መንግሥትም ማጤን አለብን። ከላይ ያነጠብኳቸውን እያንዳንዳቸውን ነጣጥሎ መመልከቱ ችግር ይፈጥራልና፤ እስኪ ጠቅለል አድርጌ በአንድነት ላቅርበው። በርግጥ አንድነት ባሁኑ ዘመን አስቸጋሪ ከመሆኑ በላይ፤ ራሱ አንድነት የሚለው ቃል ወንጀል ሆኗል። ነገር ግን፤ የማያመልጡትን መረብ፤ በተስፋ ቃኝተው፤ መውጪያ በመፈለግ መጣር ያለ ነውና፤ በዚያው ላምራ።

ፍርድ ቤቱን ያቋቋመው መንግሥት፤ የኅብረተሰብን ብሶት አንገብኩ ብሎ፤ ትጥቅ አንስቶ፤ በጉልበቱ ሥልጣን ላይ የወጣ አካል ነው። እናም ከተፈጥሮው ምንነት የተነሳ፤ ማንንም የኅብረተሰብ ብሶት አንስቶ የሚታገልን ግልሰብ ሆነ ቡድን፤ ፍርድ ቤት ሊያቀርብ፤ ሕጋዊ ፈቃድም ሆነ የሞራል ብቃት የለውም። የዚህ አካል መሪዎች፤ የሥልጣን ንጥቂያ ግብግባቸው ባይሳካላቸው ኖሮ፤ ራሳቸው ፀረ-ሕዝብ፣ ፀረ-ሀገር፣ ፀረ-መንግሥት ተብለው በዚሁ ፍርድ ቤት ይቀርቡ ነበርና!

በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ፤ አሁን በሀገራችን ሕግ የለም። አሁን በሀገራችን ደንብ የለም። አሁን በሀገራችን የአስተዳደር መመሪያ የለም። ያለው የጉልበት ግዛት ነው። ያለው፤ ባለጉልበቱ የሚፈልገው፣ በፈለገው መንገድ፣ በፈለገው ጊዜና በፈለገው ቦታ፤ ባሻው መንገድ መፈጸሙ ብቻ ነው። ቋሚ የሆነ ሕግ የለም። እንዲያውም እንደ ዕውነቱ ከሆነ፤ ሕግ ቦታ የለውም። ቦታ ያለው፤ ገዥው የሚፈልገው ጉዳይ ብቻ ነው። ከዚህ ተነስተን፤ ዳኛው፣ ፖሊሱ፣ ሕጉ፣ ጠበቃዎቹ፣ ሁሉ የገዥውን ፍላጎት አስፈጻሚ አካል ለመሆናቸው ጥርጣሬ ሊኖረን አይገባም። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱን በመከላከል ሊቀርብ የሚፈልግ ጠበቃ ሁሉ፤ ከኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ የበለጠ ወንጀለኛ ሆኖ እስር ቤት ይገባል። ለዚህ ነው፤ አንድ ብቻዬን ሳልሆን፤ በሚሊዮን የምንቆጠር ኢትዮጵያዊያን ለሱ ጥብቅና የቆምነው፤ አንዳችን ስንታሰር ሌላችን በየተራ ለመታሰር ተዘጋጅተን።

ቀረብ ብለን ስንመለከት፤ ፍርድ ቤቱ በተግባር የገዥው ክፍል መሣሪያ ከመሆኑ አልፎ፤ ከላይ እስከታች የተሰገሰጉት፤ የዚሁ ገዥ ፓርቲ አባላት ናቸው። የገዥው ፓርቲ አባላት ሙሉ በሙሉ ትግሬዎችና ትግሬዎች ብቻ ናቸው። በወሳኝነት ያሉት የዚሁ ፍርድ ቤት አባላት ደግሞ፤ ሁሉም በአባልነታቸው ትግሬዎች ናቸው። እና አንድ አማራ ወልቃይቴን፤ ለዚያውም በጥቅማቸው በወልቃይት ላይ ለመጣ ወኪል፤ በደሉን ሆነ ወንጀሉን ያዳምጣሉ ማለት፤ ከሰማይ መና ይወርዳል ብሎ ነጠላ መዘርጋት ይሆናል። ወልቃይት እኮ የታሪክ ወይንም የሕግ ጉዳይ ሳይሆን፤ የትግሬዎች ክልል የጥቅም ጉዳይ ነው! እናም የወልቃይትን ጉዳይ የትግሬዎች መንግሥትና ክልል መዋቅርና ዳኞች ይመልከቱት ማለት፤ ወይንም በዚያ ቀርቦ ትክክለኛ ፍርድ ለማግኘት መሞከር፤ ትርጉም የማይሠጥ ሂደት ነው። በጎንደሩ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ አንድ መፈክር ከሁሉ ደምቆ ታይቶኛል፤ “ትግሬ እንጂ ትግራይ ተከዜን ተሻግሮ አያውቅም!” የሚለው።

በመጀመሪያ ነገር ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ የመጀመሪያው ወይንም የመጨረሻው እስረኛ አይደለም። ፕሮፌሰር አስራት ወልደየስ ታስረው፤ በዚያው ዕድሜያቸውን ጨርሰዋል። እስክንድር ነጋ፣ አንዱዓለም አራጌ፣ የእስልምና ተከታይ አቤቱታ አቅራቢዎች፣ በብዙ ሺ የሚቆጠሩ የኦሮሞ ተወላጆች፤ አሁንም በስር ቤቶች እየማቀቁ ይገኛሉ። ኢትዮጵያዊ የሆኑ ተቋማትና መሪዎቻቸው በሙሉ ተባረዋል፣ ተደምስሰዋል፣ ተገድለዋል፤ – የኢትዮጵያ መምህራን ማኅበር፣ የኢትዮጵያ ጋዜጠኞች ማኅበር፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሠራተኞች ማኅበር፣ ወ. ዘ. ተ. ።

ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ለምንድን ነው ለእስር የተዳረገው? ተመልከቱ፤ በሌሊት ሊያፍኑት የመጡትን የትግራይ መሪ የአባይ ወልዱ ታጣቂዎች፤ “በሕግ የምትፈልጉኝ ከሆነ፤ ሲነጋ፤ መጥታችሁ ልትወስዱኝ ትችላላችሁ። እኔ በሕግ የሰፈረልኝን መብት ጠንቅቄ የማውቅ ግለሰብ ነኝ።” ቢላቸው፤ በግድ ገብተው እጁን ሊይዙት ሞከሩ፡ ራሱን እንደሚከላከል ሲገልጽላቸው፤ ተኩሰው ዘው ብለው ገብተው ሊያፈኑት ጣሩ።  ራሱን ለመከላከል እሱም ሞከረ። በዚህ የተኩስ ልውውጥ አመለጠ። ሕዝቡ ከጎኑ ቆመ። ለሕዝቡና ለሕዝቡ ድምጽ ደንታ የማይሠጠው የትግራይ ክልል ገዥና የትግሬዎች ነፃ አውጪ ግንባር ዋና መሪ ብሎም የኢትዮጵያ መሪ፤ ጉልበት እንጂ ራሱ ያወጣውን ሕግም ስለማያከብር፤ ሕዝቡን ጥሶ ሰዎችን ገደለ። ቀደም ብሎ አፍኖ የያዛቸውን የወልቃይት ሕዝብ አቤቱታ ወኪሊችን ሰወረ። አሁንም የውሸት ውርጅብኝ በማከታተል፤ ሕዝቡን ወንጀለኛ ራሱ ግን ሕግን አክባሪ አድርጎ አስቀመጠ። መቼም ማን ሕግን አክባሪ፤ ማን ሕግን ጣሽ እንደሆነ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ያውቀዋል።

ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ወልቃይትን ለዘለዓለም ታድጓታል። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ጎንደርን በሕይወቱ ጠመንጃውን አንስቶ ታድጓታል። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ አማራውን በማንነቱ እንዲኮራ ታድጎታል። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ኢትዮጵያን ከትግሬዎች ነፃ አውጪ ግንባር ነፃ እንድትሆን ክንፉን ዘርግቶ ታድጓታል። ነገ ዛሬ የተጫረው እሳት ምን ሊያስከትል እንደሚችልና ምን መሆን እንዳለበት በጃችን ነው። አሁን በዚች ሰዓት ግዴታችን ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱን መታደግ ነው። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ በዚህ ሕገ-ወጥ በሆነ መንግሥት ፍርድ ቤት ትክክለኛ ፍርድ አያገኝም። ኮሎኔል ደመቀ ዘውዱ ነፃ የሚሆነው በቆመለት ሕዝብ ብቻ ነው። ምንም ያጠፋው ነገር እንደሌለ ሁላችን እናውቃለን። ያደረገው ቢኖር፤ አማራ ነኝ እንጂ ትግሬ አይደለሁም። በጎንደሬነቴ የመጣ ሕይወቴን እሠጣለሁ። ነፃነቴን እፈልጋለሁ፤ ማለቱ ብቻ ነው። ነፃነቱን ለሚሻ አብረን መቆም አለብን። በአንድነት እንሰለፍ።

ከታላቅ አክብሮታ ጋር

አክባሪያችሁ አንዱዓለም ተፈራ

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State Terrorism and “Computer Crimes” in Ethiopia – by Alemayehu G Mariam

Smoke and mirrors: The T-TPLF replacing its “anti-terrorism law” with a “computer crimes law”?

The Thugtatorship of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (T-TPLF) is getting hammered left and right and upside the head on its so-called antiterrorism law (“Anti-Terrorism Proclamation No. 652/2009”.)

Now, T-TPLF’s strategists have come up with a new trick to fool everybody: Slowly phase out the “anti-terrorism law” and replace it with what they hope will be a less contentious and innocent sounding garden variety penal “law” dealing “computer crimes”.

The T-TPLF thinks that if they continue to chase and hound Ethiopian journalists, bloggers, dissidents and their other opponents as computer criminals instead of terrorists, their donors and loaners and the international human rights organizations will go easy on them.

Imagine how much better it sounds for the T-TPLF to say they are prosecuting journalists, bloggers, dissidents, opposition leaders, human rights advocates, civic society leaders as “computer criminals” instead of terrorists. Imagine the international public relations payoff for the T-TPLF to be accused of prosecuting individuals for computer fraud and hacking than to be condemned for using a bogus anti-terrorism law.

My suspicion is that once the “computer crimes law” is in effect, the T-TPLF plans to quietly phase out its anti-terrorism law, for which it is getting universal condemnation.

It never ceases to amaze me. The TPLF thugs think they are so smart that they can fool all of the people all of the time.

Get this T-TPLF! It is true that “A rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” But a “computer crimes law” that smells like an “anti-terrorism law” stinks to high heaven.

T-TPLF, you ain’t foolin’ nobody. We got you pegged!

The fact of the matter is that the T-TPLF has lost ALL credibility with its “anti-terrorism law”.

Every major international human rights organization and donor and loaner has condemned the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism law”.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry demanded the T-TPLF stop using its “anti-terrorism law” to crush democratic dissent. A State department spokesperson publicly stated, “We reiterate Secretary Kerry’s May 1 [2014] call on Ethiopia to refrain from using anti-terrorism laws as a mechanism to curb the free exchange of ideas. The use of the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation in previous cases against journalists, activists, and opposition political figures raises serious questions and concerns about the intent of the law, and about the sanctity of Ethiopians’ constitutionally guaranteed rights to freedom of the press and freedom of expression.”

The White House issued a statement, “urg[ing] the Ethiopian Government to release journalists and all others imprisoned for exercising their right to free expression, to refrain from using its Anti-Terrorism Proclamation as a mechanism to silence dissent, and to protect the rights of journalists, bloggers, and dissidents to write and speak freely as voices of a diverse nation.”

The European Parliament passed a resolution condemning the T-TPLF’s  “anti-terrorism law”: “The  Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (Law no. 652/2009), adopted in 2009, contains a definition of terrorism that is broad and vague and has been used to target Human rights defenders, journalists and the political opposition, encouraging self-censorship, as it foresees imprisonment for up to 20 years for the publication of statements considered to encourage acts of terrorism; whereas it also provides the government with additional power to conduct online surveillance, and imposes sharp restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of assembly.”

United Nations human rights experts (U.N. Special Rapporteurs) have condemned the T-TPLF’s use of its “anti-terrorism law”. The Special Rapporteurs condemned the ongoing use of anti-terrorism laws to curb a broad range of freedoms in Ethiopia. Ben Emmerson, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on counter-terrorism and human rights said that “the anti-terrorism provisions should not be abused and need to be clearly defined in Ethiopian criminal law to ensure that they do not go counter to internationally guaranteed human rights.”

U.N. Special Rapporteur Frank La Rue said, “Journalists play a crucial role in promoting accountability of public officials by investigating and informing the public about human rights violations. They should not face criminal proceedings for carrying out their legitimate work, let alone be severely punished.”

U.N. Special Rapporteur Margaret Sekaggya said, “journalists, bloggers and others advocating for increased respect for human rights should not be subject to pressure for the mere fact that their views are not in alignment with those of the Government [of Ethiopia].”

U.N. Special Rapporteur Maina Kiai said “The resort to anti-terrorism legislation is one of the many obstacles faced by associations today in Ethiopia. The Government must ensure protection across all areas involving the work of associations, especially in relation to human rights issues.”

Human Rights Watch (HRW) condemned the T-TPLF “anti-terrorism law” from the time it was in draft form in 2009.  HRW said the “law” “contained numerous provisions that fundamentally contravened human rights guaranteed by Ethiopia’s constitution and international law.”

The Committee to Protect Journalists also condemned the T-TPLF “law” because it “criminalizes any reporting authorities deem to ‘encourage’ or ‘provide moral support’ to groups and causes the government labels as ‘terrorists.’”

Freedom House concluded, “Journalists reporting on opposition activities face serious harassment and the threat of prosecution under Ethiopia’s sweeping 2009 Antiterrorism Proclamation.”

I called the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism sim law” state terrorism.

Law and diktat in the TPLF thugocracy/thugtatorship

Whenever I read or hear someone talking about a T-TPLF “law”, I either laugh or shake my head in quiet disbelief at the ignorance of those who call T-TPLF’s “laws”, laws.

Thugs know as much about the law as heathen know about Scripture.

The benighted leaders and followers of the T-TPLF can only issue diktats, never law.

What are diktats?

Simply stated “diktats” are the law of the jungle; or in T-TPLF’s case, the law of the bush.

When the T-TPLF leaders in the bush (and before they put on fancy designer suits), they dealt with each other with diktats.

The few at the top would dream up stuff and tell everyone it is the “law”. (I did not say dream up stuff while they are high on khat (ch-at).)

Shakespeare’s Hamlet asked, “What, art a heathen? How dost thou understand the Scripture?”

I ask, “Thugs! How dost thugs understand the law?”

The same people who talk about T-TPLF “laws” also talk about T-TPLF “elections” and “courts”. I believe the least these people could do is spell the words correctly, “elektions” as in rigged and “kourts” as in monkey.

Everyone knows that the T-TPLF is a certified terrorist organization listed on the Global Terrorism Database.

Terrorists and thugs in a three-piece Armani suit are like the pig in lipstick. At the end of the day, both the pig and the terrorists/thugs are who they are.

I have explained in previous commentaries the differences between the rule of law, rule by law, rule by unjust law and rule of men (diktat).

The T-TPLF and their ilk all over Africa rule by diktat (decrees pulled out of the back pockets) which they try to palm off as “laws”.

Thugtators scribble down their ignorant diktats, send it over to a parliament of ignoramuses and have it  rubber stamped as “law” or “proclamation”. They use the diktat to play policeman, prosecutor, judge, jury and executioner. Under rule by diktat, dictators use the “law” as a bludgeon — a sledgehammer — to vanquish their opposition. For the T-TPLF, the “law” is a sledgehammer to crush dissidents, jail journalists, harass, intimidate and persecute opposition political leaders and maintain itself in power by using the “law” as an instrument of terror.

That is what the T-TPLF does with its “laws”. That is what the T-TPLF has done in its draft “computer crimes law”.

After the late thugmaster Meles Zenawi wrote his “anti-terrorism law” (diktat), he told his rubber stamp parliament:

In drafting our anti-terrorism law, we copied word-for-word the very best anti-terrorism laws in the world. We took from America, England and the European model anti-terrorism laws. It is from these three sources that we have drafted our anti-terrorism law. From these, we have chosen the better ones.  For instance, in all of these laws, an organization is deemed to be terrorist by the executive branch. We improved it by saying it is not good for the executive to make that determination. We took the definition of terrorism word-by-word. Not one word was changed. Not even a comma. It is taken word-by-word. There is a reason why we took it word-by-word. First, these people have experience in democratic governance. Because they have experience, there is no shame  if we learn or take from them. Learning from a good teacher is useful not harmful. Nothing embarrassing about it. The [antiterrorism] proclamation in every respect is flawless. It is better than the best anti-terrorism laws [in the world]but not less than any one of them in any way…

Only a pathetic ignoramus would copy “word-by-word, without changing one word, not even a comma” and call it a “flawless law.  Thus spoke the great visionary leader of the T-TPLF!

Here is a simple question: Do the Americans, the English and the Europeans whose anti-terrorism law Meles “copied word for word” without even missing a “comma” jail journalists, bloggers and dissidents?

The T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law”

First, is a “computer crimes law” even necessary in a country where  computer ownership and internet access are so negligible? Put differently, in order for criminals to commit a “computer crime”, they need computers and internet access.

The T-TPLF owns Ethio Telecom that has a monopoly over telecommunications in the country.

According to Internet World Stats, an organization that tracks internet usage data, “Only 3.7 percent of Ethiopians have access to the internet.” In contrast, “South Sudan, [which became a country in July 2011] which lacks most basic government services, has an internet penetration rate of 15.9 percent.”

According to World Bank data, internet users per 100 people in Ethiopia between 2011-2015 was 2.9.

Second, who is really committing computer crimes in and outside Ethiopia?

The T-TPLF has converted the internet into a weapon of surveillance and intimidation against its opponents.

The T-TPLF criminals who “have been working with several European tech companies to expand its surveillance powers in the past few years, potentially with the goal of improving its capabilities to monitor its own citizens.”

The T-TPLF criminals have been using spyware to monitor U.S.-based journalists in violation of U.S. law.

In 2014, the T-TPLF was sued in U.S. federal court for illegally spying on an American citizen in the United States using FinSpy surveillance software in violation of  the Electronic Privacy Communications Act. (To read about the shocking computer crimes of the T-TPLF, click HERE.)

According to Motherboard, a leading technology online magazine, “It’s clear that the government of Ethiopia is one of the most aggressive purchasers of surveillance technology out there. They are building mass surveillance capabilities to monitor everyone in country, and using hacking tools to spy on dissidents and journalists at home and abroad.”

Third, is the T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law” another mindless cut-and-paste, copycat job?

From whom did the T-TPLF scarf its “computer crimes law” this time around?

The Chinese? The “flawless” Chinese “cyber-crimes law”?

The stench of the “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China” (articles 285, 286 and 287)  is palpable in the T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law”. These and related articles in the Chinese criminal law deal with illegal accessing and obtaining computer data, illegal control of computer systems, illegal use of software for access, control or to damage computer systems.

I believe the T-TPLF plagiarized (cannibalized) its “computer crimes law” from  various Chinese internet laws, administrative regulations and guidelines.

(Is there a single creative policy measure the T-TPLF has initiated on its own without copycatting and cutting-and-pasting someone else?)

Here is the BIG question: Does the T-TPLF need new “laws” to combat “computer crimes” when the T-TPLF has choked off internet services and tightly controls access to online information?

The T-TPLF already has sufficient provisions in its “Criminal Code” to deal with “computer crimes”.

Article 706 of the T-TPLF “Criminal Code” prohibits “access, taking or using computer services without authorization.” Article 707 metes out punishment for “causing damage to data”. Article 708 prohibits “disruption of computer and services by an authorized user.” Article 709 punishes anyone who “facilitates the commission of computer crimes.” (Hey! That sounds just like the Chinese computer crimes law!)

The bottom line on the T-TPLF “computer crimes law”

Here is the bottom line on the T-TPLF “computer crimes law. The draft T-TPLF “law” creates:

an internet police force to troll social media and other sites to catch T-TPLF critics.

internet detectives to catch T-TPLF online critics.

a process for T-TPLF monkey courts to railroad those accused of “computer crimes”.

a system of self-censorship for internet users and those who have computers.

a climate of fear for young people using social media and reinforces the closed political space by closing access to cyberspace.

a system for the prosecution of cyber-dissidents.

a crime out of simple civil defamation causes of action.

significant restrictions on anti-T-TPLF dissidents.

criminal liability for internet café and other access providers for the alleged crimes of anyone who uses their services.

criminal liability for the use of mass emails that are against T-TPLF rule.

The elements of the T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law”

The draft T-TPLF “Computer Crime Proclamation No. —/2016” is intended to replace  Proclamation No. 761/2012. It is actually a clever cover to reinvent the 2009 “anti-terrorism law.” It is the same old vinegary wine  in a new bottle. The T-TPLF thinks by changing their tune and dressing up their barbaric “anti-terrorism law” as a kinder and gentler “computer crime law”, they could hoodwink everyone. Not a chance! As I have told the T-TPLF a thousand times before, you can put lipstick on a pig, but at the end of the day it is still a pig. So is a thug in a designer suit. The difference between the T-TPLF’s “computer crime law” and “anti-terrorism law” is the difference between Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum.

The “Computer Crime Proclamation No. —/2016” has two major sections.

The T-TPLF has frontloaded the “proclamation” with a whole bunch of garden variety “computer crimes” to distract the reader from its real objectives, namely use the “law” to punish, intimidate, harass and jail those who use computers and the internet to express  dissent.

Garden variety computer crimes

The first section of the draft “law” is the cover, the smoke and mirrors. But stripped of its diversionary legalese (that is to make it look like a real computer crimes law) about the “vital role of communication technology  in the economic, social and political development of the country” and other such gibberish, the aims of the T-TPLF “computer crimes law” are starkly evident.

The first part of the “law” deals with what appear to be garden variety crimes committed using the internet and computer software. These include:

Illegal access to the whole or any part of computer system, computer data or network.

Illegal interception of non-public computer data or data processing service.

Interference with computer system to interfere in the proper functioning of computer systems.

Causing damage to computer data by any means and rendering it useless.

Criminal acts related to usage of computer devices and data.

Forgery and falsification of  computer data for illegal benefits  or economic loss.

Electronic identity theft caused by illegal acquisition, possession or distribution of information using a computer.

Dissemination of obscene or indecent materials involving minors.

Crimes against liberty and reputation of persons  by online intimidation and threats.

“Crimes against Public Security”

It is in the “computer crimes” against “public security” section of the “law” that the T-TPLF bares its dingy teeth.

In that section are the following provisions:

Whosoever intentionally disseminates through a computer system any written, video, audio or any other picture that incites fear, violence, chaos or conflict among people shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment not exceeding three years. (Translation: Use of the internet and use of computers on the internet for such things as social media, etc. is a crime of inciting fear, violence, chaos and conflict among the people.)

A service provider shall be criminally liable for any illegal computer content data disseminated through its computer systems by third parties.  (Translation: If you are an internet café, hotel and other internet access provider, shut down your internet operation and find another line of work, like spying for the T-TPLF.)

The public prosecutor and police shall have joint power to investigate criminal acts provided for in this Proclamation. And the public prosecutor shall lead the investigation process. (Translation: Unlike any other crimes committed in the land, in computer crimes, the public prosecutor is required to lead the investigation. (By the way, that is exactly what the “public prosecutor” does in “terrorism” cases (I mean, of public prosecutors who can read and write instead of sign criminal charges with their  thumbprints.)

Any service provider shall retain the computer data disseminated through its computer systems or data relating to data processing or communication service for at least one year. (Translation: Internet cafes, hotels and other internet access provides shall serve as record keepers for the T-TPLF.)

*** I don’t get it! The T-TPLF owns Ethio Telecom as a monopoly.  Ethio Telecom is the only internet service provider in the country.  Ethio Telecom has all the servers for the internet service it provides. Do the T-TPLF ignoramuses know that internet cafes, hotels and other facilities providing internet access maintain no servers to retain computer data? Do the T-TPLF ignoramuses know that information accessed on Facebook and other social media is stored in proprietary servers outside Ethiopia? For crying out loud, what the hell is wrong with these people!?***

The Minister may give permission to the investigatory organ to conduct interception or surveillance without court warrant. (Translation: A T-TPLF minister can override the order of any court at any time and authorize illegal searches and seizures of computers and persons suspected of involvement in “computer crimes”.) order

Any service provider who has knowledge of the commission of the crimes or dissemination of any illegal content data by third parties through the computer system  shall immediately notify the Agency. (Translation: Internet cafes, hotels and other access providers shall serve as government informants.)

Where the investigatory organ reasonably believes that the computer data sought is stored in another computer system, the search or access may be extended to that other computer system without requesting separate search warrant. (Translation: Any computer suspected of having any connection with a suspect computer is subject to search and seizure without a court order.)

Computer crimes as state terrorism

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is the same as the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism law”: hunt down and jail journalists, bloggers, political activists and others by cracking down on their use of the internet to express dissent.

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is to criminalize the expression of dissent by shutting down both the political space and cyberspace.

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is to terrorize  those who use social media to express themselves.

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is to criminalize human rights, human rights advocacy and human rights defense.

Today, there are thousands of Ethiopians in T-TPLF secret and official prisons who have been jailed for expressing their dissent online and off.  Eskinder Nega, the Zone Nine bloggers and other journalists have been jailed for using their computer keyboards to express themselves.

Yonatan Tesfaye,  the spokesperson for Blue Party,  has been in detention for posting on Facebook

As the T-TPLF points its legal index finger on journalists, bloggers and dissidents as “computer” and “cyber-criminals”, it should be mindful that three fingers are pointing firmly at it.

T-TPLF’s desperate efforts to close the political space and cyberspace

I have been following the T-TPLF’s efforts to use the internet as a weapon of dissent suppression.

In June 2012, I wrote a commentary on the T-TPLF’s efforts to choke off Skype.

In that commentary, I also reviewed the T-TPLF’s “Proclamation on Telecom Fraud Offences” (PTFO) 2012.

I have wasted way too many hours studying and analyzing T-TPLF’s  mindless laws. I invite my readers to read my previous commentaries on these topics.

Suffice it to say that when it comes to con artists, scammers, swindlers, fraudsters and computer criminals, the T-TPLF is second to none!

Talking about scammers and such, do you remember that in 2008 “USD$16 million dollars” worth of gold bars  simply walked out of the bank in Addis Ababa in broad daylight never to be seen again?

Do you remember the time in 2011 when 10,000 tons of coffee earmarked for exports simply vanished from the warehouses and Meles Zenawi called a meeting of commodities traders and threatened to “cut off their hands” if they steal coffee in the future. In a videotaped statement,  Meles told the traders he will forgive them this time because “we all have our hands in the disappearance of the coffee”.

Do you remember in 2011 Global Financial Integrity documented that US$11.7 billion walked out of Ethiopia never to return?

– See more at: http://www.zehabesha.com/state-terrorism-and-computer-crimes-in-ethiopia-by-alemayehu-g-mariam/#sthash.waNqnM39.dpuf

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Press Freedom in Ethiopia, Paraguay, Malaysia, and Syria

A Dialogue with CPJ’s 2015 International Press Freedom Awardees

(CPJ) – Please join the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission and the Senate Human Rights Caucus for a briefing and dialogue with the 2015 recipients of the Committee to Protect Journalists International Press Freedom Award.Press Freedom in Ethiopia

Journalists foster accountability through their reporting on politics, crime, corruption and human rights abuses. However, in many countries journalists work in a climate of fear, intimidation and censorship generated by repressive governments and, increasingly, by illegal non-state actors and criminal organizations.

Each year, the Committee to Protect Journalists recognizes courageous journalists from around the world with its International Press Freedom Award. The 2015 awardees are all from countries where press freedom is under stark attack:

• Zone 9 bloggers (Ethiopia)
• Zulkiflee Anwar Ulhaque, “Zunar” (Malaysia)
• Cándido Figueredo Ruíz (Paraguay)
• Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (Syria)

These journalists have endured death threats, physical attacks, legal harassment, imprisonment, and exile in the course of their work. They will share their insights and concerns about the state of media freedom in their respective countries, and provide recommendations as to how the U.S. government, and especially the Congress, can strengthen and support media freedom in an increasingly contentious and conflict-ridden world.

Panelists:

• Candido Figueredo Ruiz, Paraguay
• Abdel Aziz Al-Hamza, Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, Syria
• Soleyana Gebrichael, Zone 9 Bloggers, Ethiopia
• Zulkiflee Anwar Ulhaque, “Zunar,” Malaysia

Moderator:

• Dr. Courtney C. Radsch, Committee to Protect Journalists

Opening Remarks

• Congressman James McGovern, Co-Chair, Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission

When: Thursday, November 19, 2015; 10:00 A.M.
Where: 2255 Rayburn House Office Building

The briefing is open to members of Congress, congressional staff, the media and the interested public.

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The 2015-16 Ethiopian Famine: Yet Another Avoidable Tragedy is Underway!

Ethiopiawinnet: Council for the Defense of Citizen Right

Just as the world’s leading development agencies are vowing to finally make poverty history in the four corners of the globe and they are heaping praises on the Ethiopian Government for its “double-digit” economic growth rates and self-serving rhetoric about “transformation,” Ethiopia is once again under the grips of what appears to be yet another famine of “biblical proportion.” The World Food Program of the United Nations and the Government itself have announced that over 8 million Ethiopians are at the risk of death by starvation. Chronically food-deficit areas have been hit by El Nino-related failures of both the small and the big rainy seasons this year.

We must underscore two things at the outset. First, predictable weather-related or pest-related shocks to the food system should not result in mass starvation or high mortality in the presence of an accountable government with a capacity to feed its people. Drought may be an act of God but famine is surely a political act of man. Second, The Citizens Charter for a Democratic Ethiopia embraces the greatest of all human rights—the right to life. Basic food security for all is, therefore, the most fundamental right to which all Ethiopians are entitled. This is why eliminating famine is the litmus test for all who profess commitment to human rights and democratic accountability.

The world has made a remarkable progress over the past 25 years. Millions of Ethiopians are among the one billion people lifted out of debilitating poverty. National and regional famines that claimed the lives of millions in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa are thankfully a thing of the past, save the most an unpredictable natural catastrophe. To understand why Ethiopia remains so vulnerable to chronic hunger even in normal years, one needs to keep the following facts in mind:

  • One out ten rural Ethiopian (or 8 million out of 80 million) suffer chronic hunger (under-nutrition and malnutrition), especially during the hunger season between May and September. This is because the lack of adequate land, water, and income diversification has hopelessly eroded the livelihoods of so many. Entire districts have thereby been rendered highly vulnerable to even moderate shocks let alone a total failure of the rains or significant food-price inflation (which also hits the urban poor hard). In this respect, it is quite telling that about half of the $1 billion U.S. annual aid to Ethiopia is food aid—mostly going to the food-for-work program that alleviates food insecurity rather than eradicating it for good.
  • Many more millions live just above this precarious subsistence line even in years of normal rainfall. Drought, pest invasion or civil strife swell the ranks of the starving in short order, with the negative effects persisting for at least a decade. It is no surprise then that Ethiopia faced regional famines in 1965/66, 2000/01, and 2011/12; and regime-destabilizing national famines in 1972-73 and 1974-85.
  • The 2015-16 famine underway bears the telltale signs a national tragedy and must be averted with decisive action. The current is already being compared in its potential devastation, by the survivors, to the infamous 1984 famine of Live Aid (which claimed over 1 million lives). A good indicator of this impending disaster is its national scope: the chronically food-deficit areas of southeastern Tigray, northeastern Wollo, all of Afar and parts of Somali, the southern lowlands of Sidamo and Bale, and the Enset-dependent areas southwestern Ethiopia.
  • In the fine tradition of unaccountable governments torn between publicly revealing the extent of the famine (terrified by the political fallouts) and their strong incentive to tap into international assistance (the donor practice of feeding the greedy to reach the needy), the Ethiopian Government is currently denying the patently obvious mounting loss of livestock and the rising mortality of the most enfeebled (as attested by BBC TV) while claiming to have allocated half of the relief supplies required from its own resources. While we are encouraged by the improved early warning system and the allocation of domestic funds, we are unimpressed by their inadequacy relative to the needs and to what is being spent on white elephant projects. We are also offended by the shameful insinuation of high government officials that it is ultimately the responsibility of the international community to save the most vulnerable in Ethiopia.

Ethiopiawinnet is compelled to implore:

1. The Ethiopian Government to own up to its sole responsibility to spare all its citizens from starvation and death by devoting all the resources necessary to tide them over to the next harvest. In the medium run, it should reform its land policy by granting ownership rights to farmers and pastoralists, invest in food production for domestic use instead of only exports, fostering off-farm employment opportunities, scrapping the current ethnic homeland system of regional administration that has hamstrung the traditional coping mechanism of seasonal inter-regional migration to work, and accelerating industrial development.

2. The international community to once again provide generous and timely relief aid to avert large losses of lives instead of waiting for large-scale deaths as “proof of need.” We also implore donors to insist on sensible food security policies that would make such recurrent dependency on food aid unnecessary for a country that has a great potential to feed itself.

3. All Ethiopians and friends of Ethiopia in the Diaspora to put politics aside for now and extend a generous helping hand through famine relief organizations with a proven record. Thank you.

Ethiopiawinnet, a rights-based CSO, believes that:

  • Famine is a political act of transgression on the mother of all human rights—the right to live.
  • Drought may be unavoidable, but famine certainly is. In the twenty-first century, this abomination belongs nowhere else but in the dustbin of history!
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Sudanese Man Tries to ‘Slaughter’ Israeli Passenger on Flight to Ethiopia – See more at: http://www.zehabesha.com/sudanese-man-tries-to-slaughter-israeli-passenger-on-flight-to-ethiopia

By: Morgan Chalfant

A Sudanese passenger on a flight to Ethiopia was arrested after allegedly attacking an Israeli traveler and trying to “slaughter” him last Thursday.
Ethiopian_Airline_Fleet
Ethiopian authorities arrested the suspect, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said Tuesday, after he attacked the Israeli citizen on an Ethiopian Airlines flight last week from Chad to Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, according to Ynet.